The whole protected area is also covered by Natura and it represents an ecologically important area. Landscape park of Pivka intermittent lakes — The seasonal lakes of Pivka Nature park is located in the south west part of Slovenia. Notranjski Regional Park lies within the boundaries of the municipality of Cerknica, in southeastern Slovenia. Cerknica Lake with the environment is registered at Ramsar, the world's list of wetlands of international importance.
It is located in the southernmost part of the Ljubljana basin, in the central part of Slovenia. The landscape park is situated in the north-western part of Ljubljana, capital city of Slovenia. Kozjansko Park is one of the oldest and largest protected areas in Slovenia.
It is located in the east of Slovenia and it has the status of a regional park. Brioni are fourteen insular green jewels immersed in the blue sea.
It is located along the northern Adriatic coast on one of the northernmost points of the Mediterranean, binding Istria and the continental part of the Croatia. Risnjak National Park is located in the northwest of Croatia and in geographic terms it covers forest area of Gorski Kotar. It is located near the Adriatic Sea, about 15 km northeast of the city of Rijeka.
The national park is located on the south of Croatia, stretching in the area of the highest parts of northern Velebit. Nature Park Velebit is the largest and the most complex protected area in the Republic of Croatia. It covers an area of km2. It stretches from the mountain pass Vratnik in the northwest to canyon Zrmanje in the southeast, in the length of km. It is located at m above the sea level.
Kornati National Park covers an area of km2 and includes total of 89 islands and reefs in central part of the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea. National Park Paklenica spreads on the south of Croatia, on the coastal slope of southern Velebit, at the entrance to Velika Paklenica Canyon with a height of only ten meters, to the zone of the highest peaks at 1, meters.
The public institution Zeleni prsten manages with 23 protected areas and parts of ecological network in Zagreb County. In ecological network, or Naturathere are four internationally important areas for birds and 20 areas important for the preservation of European species and habitats. Protected areas occupy With an area of Vransko Lake covers the area of 30 km2 and represents the greatest natural lake in Croatia. Medvednica mountain that rises north of Zagreb, with its highest peak Sljeme, which is located at meters above sea level.
The Nature Park lies in the western part of Medvednica, on an area of The basic phenomenon of this national park and common thing in surface flows of Dinaric rock mass is travertine. With an area of 50, hectares it is one of the largest protected wetlands along the river Danube. Contains rock formations of outstanding geological interest, which are old even over million years, making them one of the oldest rocks in Croatia. Right on the coast the mountain Biokovo rises to the highest peak Sveti Jure at meters and is part of the mountain range of the Dinarides.
Mljet is one of the largest southern Dalmatian islands; it is also the southernmost and easternmost of the larger Croatian islands. The National Park covers an area in the northwest of Mljet, including nearly 5, hectares, including islands and reefs, and the sea zone m from the coast.
It takes up about a third of the island of Mljet. It is the area that stretches north from the river Drava from the confluence of the Drava and the Danube and upstream on the left and the right bank to the former dock Kazuk. The Park area is located in the far west of Bosnia and Herzegovina on the border with Croatia.It is located in the northeast of Montenegro, on the border with Albania. National Park Prokletije is one of the youngest in the Dinaric region.
It was officially declared a national park in The dominant feature of the area of Prokletije is the richness and diversity of flora and fauna, so that this area is one of the centres of high mountain diversity of the Balkans.
This National Park is rich in larger and smaller streams, springs and sources of drinking and mineral water, rivers, underground aquifers. Hridsko Lake, with the surface of approximately 35 square meters at m above the sea level, is one of the highest, and in the opinion of many people the most beautiful lake in Montenegro.
With its beauty stands out also Visitorsko Lake at 1, meters, with grass floating island - sandbank in the middle, which in the past shepherds used as a natural shelter for the cattle from the mountain beasts. Relief of Prokletije is jagged, with numerous peaks, gorges, steep slopes, river valleys of alpine type and other natural phenomena. The specificity of this national also consists of over 1, species of plants, representing half of the flora of Montenegro, or approximately one fifth of the Balkan flora.
Prokletije are rich in forests, predominantly temperate and conifer. Almost half of forest resources have rain forest character. In respect of bio-geography Prokletije belong to the Alpine mountain region, and that had an impact on the animal life, which is characterized by great diversity.
In this area live: rabbit, wolf, brown bear, lynx, wild boar, chamois, roe deer, and recorded species of birds. Their habitats are high mountainous regions, valleys of Ropojana and Grbaja, forest ecosystems, mountain lakes and rivers.
One of the biggest mountain ranges in the Balkans has over 50 peaks higher than meters, and as many as 20 peaks above 2, meters. The highest peak on the Albanian side is Maja Jezerce mwhile in Montenegro this is Zla Kolata malso the highest point in Montenegro.
Until this discovery, it was considered that the highest peak in Montenegro was on Durmitor, Bobotov Kuk at m. The youngest National Park has been least "touched" by human hand, and here lies its beauty. Its harshness and inaccessibility lure people with adventurous spirit. Because of its wilderness, inaccessibility and beauty Prokletije are becoming a favourite destination for hikers and climbers.
Due to the challenging peaks to conquer, Prokletije often serve for final preparations of hikers and alpinists for the highest peaks of Europe and the world.Children refers to the set of objects that logically fall under a given object.
Also, they don't necessarily share the same parent. Toggle navigation. Dinaric Alps. Save Add photos See all photos. Log in to vote. Avoiding Being Blown Up on Dinara. Highpointing the Balkans Pt 1.
Dinaric Alps-NP Sutjeska. After some suggestions and discussions with more SP members from the Region, I have decided to put up a new SP page dedicated to the Dinaric Alpsalthough one of the largest, for many of you, probably one of less known mountain systems in Europe. To write a thorough and standing abstract on Dinaric Alps was a difficult and long-lasting job.
For members with more nerves :- the second part of the page should be much more informative. I find it necessary to write it down, and also a challenge. Because, despite theirs vicinity to the European Alps, the mountains of Dinaric Alps and the mountain chain as a whole are less known among the international public, and not even described well. Because of many things that could be said about the chain as a whole, I will try periodically to build up and improve the page even further, and try to keep with all the news connected to the mountain chain.
Because of everything previously written, I warmly invite anyone who is interested into this topic to help, suggest and contribute in benefit to all of us - especially if they find some errors, false data or find some presented solutions more logical. Interactive Map of the Dinaric Alps The following map is posted to guide you and help you to simply reach SP pages of different mountain groups, ranges, massifs and directly or indirectly, other pages of distinctive mountains in the Dinaric Alps.
Be aware that symbols presented on Map 1 show only existing mountain pages. Further in my text, in Overview section and the following sections I have tried to explain geomorphology of all Dinaric Alps in detail. Map 1. Dinaric Alps interactive map updated January 23rd Can you imagine that on the soil of the Old Continent there are natural beauties that have not yet been sufficiently explored, offering every new traveller a potential new secret?
This gift of the nature created back in the Mesozoic era, as a mountain karst system, to this date remains unique in the world for its size and composition. This is a great mountain range of south-eastern Europe, which with an area of approximatelykm2 stretches on more than km of coastline, including the entire area which is facing the Adriatic Sea and naturally connecting eight countries: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo, Albania and Macedonia.
The main characteristic of the Dinarides is the karst relief or landscape formed by dissolving of the layer or layers of soluble base coat, usually carbonate rock such as limestone or dolomite. The largest karst system in the world is made up of mountains, with the same number of peaks over 2, meters, natural lakes, 2, km of river flows, more than 40 national parks, 19 areas protected by UNESCO.
There are many natural forest communities of deciduous and conifer trees, meadows and pastures, which in addition to domestic animals are home for protected large carnivores such as bears, wolves, foxes, lynx, deers.
Tara River, which flows through Montenegro, and flows into the river Drina on the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, carved one of the deepest canyons in the world.
River gorges and canyons of the Dinarides are home to many endemic species, species that do not exist anywhere in the world. Towards the south of the region stretching mountain ranges are taller, which are a real challenge for hikers and climbers, of which are the most grandiose are Prokletije Montenegro, Albaniaon which is located the highest peak of the Dinarides, the Lake peak — Jezerski vrh Maja jezerce with m.
Eastern Adriatic coast still contains pristine areas with limited development of mass tourism. Over islands characterize the eastern Adriatic coast in Croatia, from Cres to Mljet, supporting a variety of marine and coastal eco-systems.
Deeply carved between the two mountains Lovcen and Orjen, the sea Bay of Kotor is unique in the Mediterranean, while the Albanian coast is one of the most pristine throughout the Mediterranean basin. The Dinarides ensured their natural beauty with the Millennium creation, inaccessibility and cruelty.
Of all the European massif this one is the least "touched" by human hands. And this is where its beauty lies. Our mission and commitment is to preserve the wild beauty of the Dinarides for the future.
The specificity of the Dinarides does not consist only of nature, but also of people, who from prehistoric times they live in that area. This region of the world has always been a point of attachment and detachment of the different cultures of Europe, which resulted in the creation of three main religions.
At times, connecting, at times disconnecting, this cultural diversity is also one of the many amazing features of the Dinarides. However, what has shaped the identity, culture and life in this area more than the world's great civilizations and religions, is nature. Life at the junction of the high karst mountains and the sea, through the centuries built a special type of people — the Dinaric.
To survive, they had to live in unbreakable harmony with nature. Fishing, animal husbandry, traditional crafts and skills in this area are examples of sustainable living and respect for nature. Therefore, this area is nowadays so well preserved, because, in order to survive, people had to respect and protect the nature around them.
However, a difficult way of life has led to the emigration of a large number of residents from the area of the Dinarides. Those who remained are presently living in one of the best preserved natural areas of Europe. It is an opportunity and great potential to be successful examples of development of local areas through a combination of agriculture and tourism.
Dinarides are an example proving that in the world there are still areas where the taste and manner of preparation of herbs, meat, cheese, fish, wine, honey, olive oil and other gifts of nature occurred at the junction of the only karst landscape in Europe and Mediterranean has not changed for centuries.This breathtaking national park was formed by glaciers and is traversed by rivers and underground streams. Along the Tara river canyon, which has the deepest gorges in Europe, the dense pine forests are interspersed with clear lakes and harbour a wide range of endemic flora.
Dit nationaal park bestaat uit het Durmitor bergplateau en de vallei gevormd door de canyon van de Tara rivier. Door zijn geografische ligging en hoogteverschillen kent het gebied zowel mediterrane als alpiene microklimaten. Het park is gevormd door gletsjers en wordt doorsneden door rivieren en ondergrondse stromen. Langs de canyon van de Tara — met de diepste kloven in Europa — worden de dichte dennenbossen afgewisseld met heldere meren.
Regionalna saradnja u cilju promovisanja turističke destinacije
De bossen herbergen een breed scala aan inheemse flora. De Tara, haar zijrivieren en de meren bevatten een groot aantal zalmachtigen. Het gebied is de habitat van de bruine beer, wolf, gemzen, wilde zwijnen en diverse adelaars. Source: unesco. Durmitor is a stunning limestone massif located in Northern Montenegro and belonging to the Dinaric Alps or Dinarides.
It is also the name of Montenegro's largest protected area, the Durmitor National Park, which constitutes the heart of a landscape shaped by glaciers, numerous rivers and underground streams of which are embedded in the much larger Tara River Basin Biosphere Reserve.
Some fifty peaks higher than 2, metres above sea level rise above plateaus, alpine meadows and forests, including Bobotov Peak 2, metres above sea level. Durmitor is a popular tourism destination, known for superb hiking, climbing, mountaineering and canoeing opportunities. Besides the extraordinary landscape beauty and the fascinating geological heritage, Durmitor National Park is also home to an impressive biological diversity.
At the habitat level, a rare old-growth stand of European Black Pine deserves to be mentioned. Favored by the altitudinal gradient of more than 2, metres and both alpine and Mediterranean climatic influences, there are more than 1, vascular plants in the wider Durmitor Massif.
A great percentage is found in the park and many are rare and endemic species. Likewise noteworthy is the rich fish fauna, which includes the endangered Danube Salmon. The park is inhabited by farmers and shepherds, traditionally using the high-altitude meadows as summer pastures.
The property is well protected and its status and international recognition have helped to prevent irreparable damage from threats, such as upstream pollution and proposed dam construction. Criterion vii : Durmitor National Park's exceptional scenic beauty has been shaped by glaciers and rivers.
The alpine meadows on plateaus and smooth hills are set against the stark backdrop of the numerous high and rugged peaks. The dense forests and the glacial lakes add to the scenic diversity and appeal. The most dramatic elements of the spectacular mountain landscape are the deep river canyons, most notably the famous Tara River Gorge, Europe's deepest gorge and one of very few unaffected by dams and roads.
Criterion viii : Durmitor National Park harbours a wealth of geological and geomorphological features of major scientific interest which have been shaping the landscape, such as the many remarkable Karst phenomena.
The dominant geological features are very thick, often savagely contorted limestone formations of the Middle and Upper Triassic, Upper Jurassic and Upper Cretaceous though more recent rocks are also present. One particularity is the so-called Durmitor Flysch, a term used for tectonic layers inclined at an angle of 90 degrees in the Durmitor Massif.Ptolemy mentioned Mons Bertiscuswhich has been connected to Prokletije. In a broader sense the Prokletije also include the mountain ranges to Mitrovica with the Hajla and Mokna massifs.
Some authors, however, see the river Lim as the northern boundary of the Prokletije in geological terms. The Prokletije are ethnographically and sociologically diverse due to many tribes living in the region as sheep herders.
The Prokletije are a typical Dinaric Karst high mountain range with a pronounced steep topography and glacial features.
Overhanging walls and ridges forming pointed peaks are typical of the western and central Prokletije. The eastern mountains are less rugged with lower relief. The valleys show characteristic effects of Pleistocene glaciation. Most of the area was modified by glacial activity with karstic areas in the western parts. The range was formed by the folding resulting from the collision of the African and Eurasian plates. Nowhere in the Balkans have glaciers left so much evidence of erosion.
After the Alpsthese mountains are the most glaciated in Europe south of the Scandinavian ice sheet. They have very steep limestone slopes with abundant karst features. The Prokletije is a large, rugged, pathless range. It is one of the rare mountain ranges in Europe that has not been explored entirely. This tectonic crash produced the unusual zig-zag shape of Prokletije range, and also their curving from the dominant Dinaric northwestern — southeastern direction toward the northeastern one.
In the eastern Prokletije in addition to the limestone and dolomite series, there are rocks from the late Palaeozoic and Triassic periods, medium- Triassic volcanic rocks and Jurassic metamorphic rocks. Although some scientific research gives the Prokletije the status of a separate mountain chain, [ citation needed ] in most other ways this chain is still considered the highest of all Dinaric areas, connected with the Dinaric mountain chain in terms of geology, morphology, and ethnography.
The erosion of the Prokletije mountains by glaciers left many telltale features behind. Deep river canyons and flat valleys wind around the ridges of the mountains.
The largest and most popular canyon is Rugova Canyon. Valleys common at lower altitudes are also found at the alpine level, creating mountain passes and valley troughs. The most well-known valley to be high up in the mountains is Buni Jezerce in Albania. Buni Jezerce means "Valley of the Lakes" and it contains six small glacial lakes, the biggest being called the Big lake of Buni Jezerce.
The Prokletije include many of the important rivers of the southeastern part of the Western Balkans. Rivers in this range fall roughly into two main categories, those that flow into the Lim and those that enter the White Drin and meet the Black Drin downstream at the Drin confluence. The southern and eastern slopes of Prokletije fall into the latter category. The Tara and Lim rivers, two major sources of the Dinaric river system, originate on the northern borders of the Prokletije. As a tributary of the Drina it drains into the Danube and then into the Black Sea.
The Lim flows through the Plav lake. The Ibarwhich originates on the slopes of the Hajlatakes a similar route into the Danube via the West Morava in Serbia.The designation of geographical entities in this report, and the presentation of the material, do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of IUCN, WWF and SNV or any of the other supporting organizations concerning the legal status of any country, history, territory, or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
This publication has been made possible in part by funding from the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. We owe our gratitude to all who helped the realization this project.
It hosts large, and in the main, unspoilt forests and healthy populations of large carnivores bear, lynx, wolf. It is also the most water-rich area in the Mediterranean in terms of freshwater ecosystems. These qualities however are under threat from circumstances rising from the current global economic crisis and as a result of previous political circumstances.
The abandonment of rural settlements and the degradation of the natural environment are having a severe impact on the livelihoods of inhabitants in this area. It will run from to and will support cross-border cooperation for the conservation of key natural and cultural sites.
In doing so, a unique opportunity will be created to combine good ideas and both financial and physical resources. The project aims to:. The range was represented on a map for the first time in From his perspective, this area includes a whole mountain massive extending from Skadar Lake and Zeta valley in the south, across the Drim river valley, Metohija valley, Plav-Gusinje valley and the upper Ibar valley on the north.Požar Rožaje
Taking these views into account, it is necessary to determine the area as defined in this project. Topography Bjeshket e Nemuna in Albanian and Prokletije in Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin, Serbian is a mountain range located in the western part of Kosovo, the northern part of Albania and the southeastern part of Montenegro. The rugged terrain is home to the highest mountains in the Dinaric Alps.
Maja Jezerces 2, m 8, ft on the Albanian side of the range and Gjeravica in Kosovo is 2, m 8, ft high and are. The highest peak in Montenegro, Zla Kolata at 2, m is located here also. The southernmost glaciers in Europe were recently discovered in the Albanian part of the range. The distances from sea level to mountain peaks higher than 1, metres are often only few kilometres.
Very short and narrow river valleys dissect these high mountains like the Vermoshi river valley, the most visible on the map, which ends at the biggest mountain lake in the area, Plavsko Lake. It is mostly a limestone built chain with the exception of its eastern and south-eastern parts which consist of slate rock around the base.
Most of the area was formed by glacial influences with karstic areas in the western parts of the Group. With the exception of the Alps these mountains are the most glacial in Europe. This creates conditions for high floristic diversity. The rivers of the Adriatic catchment are quite short, a consequence of the karstified bedrock which is characterised by the shortage of surface hydrology. Due to their isolation, Adriatic rivers contain a large number of endemic animals, primarily fish.
High mountain lakes are largely of a glacial origin and consequently are poor in endemics. In the village of Boga in the dry valley, precipitation has been recorded at mm for the year, but otherwise measurements of mm to mm per year are the average. Up to two feet of snow is considered normal for the area during winter time. Even during the summer season patches of snow are visible on the mountain tops. Waterfalls are also found in some parts of the range. The White Drin Waterfall in Kosovo is a large waterfall reaching a height of 25 m 82 ft.
Other vegetation types with significant coverage are Thermophilous and supra Mediterranean oak forests, spruce and fir forests and Thermophilous beech forest. Some important vegetation types with limited extension include forests of Macedonian. Phytosociological research in the area has led to the identification of more than 40 typical plant communities. In some cases the plant communities include both endemic species and species of international importance, underlining their great conservation value:.
The mountains of Shala, Lepusha, Lumi i Gashit still conserve such European relics due to their remoteness. The presence of a large numbers of endemics, relict species tertiary and glacial-type and rare plant species is truly remarkable.