His father was a versatile vocalist and actor; and his mother, known under the stage name of Lily Harley, was an attractive actress and singer, who gained a reputation for her work in the light opera field.
Overview of His Life
Charlie was thrown on his own resources before he reached the age of ten as the early death of his father and the subsequent illness of his mother made it necessary for Charlie and his brother, Sydney, to fend for themselves. Chaplin aged 9 or 10, at the time he toured with the Eight Lancashire Lads. Having inherited natural talents from their parents, the youngsters took to the stage as the best opportunity for a career.
At the close of this engagement, Charlie started a career as a comedian in vaudeville, which eventually took him to the United States in as a featured player with the Fred Karno Repertoire Company.
When the Fred Karno troupe returned to the United States in the fall of for a repeat tour, Chaplin was offered a motion picture contract. He finally agreed to appear before the cameras at the expiration of his vaudeville commitments in November ; and his entrance in the cinema world took place that month when he joined Mack Sennett and the Keystone Film Company.
At the completion of his Sennett contract, Chaplin moved on to the Essanay Company at a large increase. The following year Charlie was even more in demand and signed with the Mutual Film Corporation for a much larger sum to make 12 two-reel comedies.
When his contract with Mutual expired inChaplin decided to become an independent producer in a desire for more freedom and greater leisure in making his movies. To that end, he busied himself with the construction of his own studios.
This plant was situated in the heart of the residential section of Hollywood at La Brea Avenue. His next commercial venture was the production of a comedy dealing with the war.
Sunnyside, Griffith to found the United Artists Corporation.
The stock of United Artists was divided equally among the founders. This arrangement introduced a new method into the industry. Heretofore, producers and distributors had been the employers, paying salaries and sometimes a share of the profits to the stars. Under the United Artists system, the stars became their own employers.
They had to do their own financing, but they received the producer profits that had formerly gone to their employers and each received his share of the profits of the distributing organization. Note: The comments on each film outlined below are taken from articles by David Robinson. However, before he could assume his responsibilities with United Artists, Chaplin had to complete his contract with First National.
So early inhe came out with a six-reel masterpiece: The Kidin which he introduced to the screen one of the greatest child actors the world has ever known - Jackie Coogan. Then, feeling the need for a complete rest from his motion picture activities, Chaplin sailed for Europe in September London, Paris, Berlin and other capitals on the continent gave him tumultuous receptions.
A crowd welcomes Chaplin in London, After an extended vacation, Chaplin returned to Hollywood to resume his picture work and start his active association with United Artists.Find out the interesting information about the famous English comic actor, composer and filmmaker on Facts about Charlie Chaplin. He was born on 16 April and died on 25 December Chaplin got the prominence during the silent era.
In the movie industry, he is still considered as influential figures. His famous persona was The Tramp. Check other interesting Chaplin facts below:. During the silent era, Charlie Chaplin had a very long career. It spanned for around 75 years. He was an entertainer since childhood and a year before his death. Chaplin was not from a wealthy family.
He had to struggle against hardship and poverty when he was a child. Get facts about Bugsy Malone here. His mother was the breadwinner in the family due to the absence of his father. Before he was nine years old, he was sent to a workhouse twice. His mother was in a mental asylum when Chaplin was 14 years old. Chaplin became an entertainer since his childhood during the Victorian era. He worked touring the music halls. He also became a comedian and stage actor.
Chaplin moved to America when Fred Karno Company signed him. At that time, Chaplin was only 19 years old.He became a worldwide icon through his screen persona, " The Tramp ", and is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry.
His career spanned more than 75 years, from childhood in the Victorian era until a year before his death inand encompassed both adulation and controversy. Chaplin's childhood in London was one of poverty and hardship, as his father was absent and his mother struggled financially, and he was sent to a workhouse twice before the age of nine.
When he was 14, his mother was committed to a mental asylum. Chaplin began performing at an early age, touring music halls and later working as a stage actor and comedian. At 19, he was signed to the prestigious Fred Karno company, which took him to America.
He was scouted for the film industry and began appearing in for Keystone Studios. He soon developed the Tramp persona and formed a large fan base. He directed his own films and continued to hone his craft as he moved to the EssanayMutualand First National corporations. Byhe was one of the best-known figures in the world. InChaplin co-founded the distribution company United Artistswhich gave him complete control over his films.
He initially refused to move to sound films in the s, instead producing City Lights and Modern Times without dialogue. He became increasingly political, and his first sound film was The Great Dictatorwhich satirised Adolf Hitler. The s were a decade marked with controversy for Chaplin, and his popularity declined rapidly.
He was accused of communist sympathies, and some members of the press and public found his involvement in a paternity suit, and marriages to much younger women, scandalous. Chaplin wrote, directed, produced, edited, starred in, and composed the music for most of his films. He was a perfectionist, and his financial independence enabled him to spend years on the development and production of a picture.
His films are characterised by slapstick combined with pathos, typified in the Tramp's struggles against adversity. Many contain social and political themes, as well as autobiographical elements.
He received an Honorary Academy Award for "the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century" inas part of a renewed appreciation for his work. There is no official record of his birth, although Chaplin believed he was born at East StreetWalworthin South London.
Hannah, the daughter of a shoemaker,  had a brief and unsuccessful career under the stage name Lily Harley,  while Charles Sr. The child was taken by Dryden at six months old, and did not re-enter Chaplin's life for 30 years. Chaplin's childhood was fraught with poverty and hardship, making his eventual trajectory "the most dramatic of all the rags to riches stories ever told" according to his authorised biographer David Robinson. The boys were promptly sent to Norwood Schools, another institution for destitute children.
I was hardly aware of a crisis because we lived in a continual crisis; and, being a boy, I dismissed our troubles with gracious forgetfulness. In SeptemberHannah was committed to Cane Hill mental asylum — she had developed a psychosis seemingly brought on by an infection of syphilis and malnutrition. Hannah entered a period of remission but, in Maybecame ill again. Between his time in the poor schools and his mother succumbing to mental illness, Chaplin began to perform on stage. He later recalled making his first amateur appearance at the age of five years, when he took over from Hannah one night in Aldershot.
He later wrote: "[she] imbued me with the feeling that I had some sort of talent".Charlie Chaplinbyname of Sir Charles Spencer Chaplinborn April 16,LondonEngland—died December 25,Corsier-sur-Vevey, SwitzerlandBritish comedian, producer, writer, director, and composer who is widely regarded as the greatest comic artist of the screen and one of the most important figures in motion-picture history.
Comedian, actor, producer, writer, and director Charlie Chaplin is widely regarded as the greatest comic artist of the screen and one of the most important figures in motion-picture history. Audiences loved his cheekiness, his deflation of pomposity, his unexpected gallantry, and his resilience. When the mentally unstable Hall was later confined to an asylum, Chaplin and his half brother, Sydney, were sent to a series of workhouses and residential schools.
Charlie Chaplin learned to perform onstage, debuting at age five filling in for his mother and becoming a professional entertainer at age eight as a clog dancer. In he joined the Fred Karno pantomime troupe and quickly rose to star status. Chaplin was named after his father, a British music-hall entertainer. He spent his early childhood with his mother, the singer Hannah Hall, after she and his father separated, and he made his own stage debut at age five, filling in for his mother.
The mentally unstable Hall was later confined to an asylum. Charlie and his half brother Sydney were sent to a series of bleak workhouses and residential schools.
Ordered by Sennett to come up with a more-workable screen image, Chaplin improvised an outfit consisting of a too-small coat, too-large pants, floppy shoes, and a battered derby.
As a finishing touch, he pasted on a postage-stamp mustache and adopted a cane as an all-purpose prop. In truth, Chaplin did not always portray a tramp; in many of his films his character was employed as a waiter, store clerk, stagehand, fireman, and the like. His character might be better described as the quintessential misfit—shunned by polite society, unlucky in love, jack-of-all-trades but master of none.
He was also a survivor, forever leaving past sorrows behind, jauntily shuffling off to new adventures. The films improved steadily once Chaplin became his own director.
It was there that he began to inject elements of pathos into his comedy, notably in such shorts as The Tramp and Burlesque on Carmen There, during an month period, he made the 12 two-reelers that many regard as his finest films, among them such gems as One A.
It was then, inthat Chaplin found himself attacked for the first though hardly the last time by the press. He was criticized for not enlisting to fight in World War I. To aid the war effort, Chaplin raised funds for the troops via bond drives.
That same year he married year-old film extra Mildred Harris—the first in a procession of child brides. For his new studio he made shorts such as Shoulder Arms and The Pilgrim and his first starring feature, The Kidwhich starred the irresistible Jackie Coogan as the kid befriended and aided by the Little Tramp.
A painstaking perfectionist, he began spending more and more time on the preparation and production of each film. In his personal life too, Chaplin was particular.
Having divorced Mildred inChaplin married in year-old Lillita MacMurray, who shortly would become known to the world as film star Lita Grey. They would be noisily divorced in Charlie Chaplin worked with a children's dance troupe before making his mark on the big screen. His character "The Tramp" relied on pantomime and quirky movements to become an iconic figure of the silent-film era.
Famous for his character "The Tramp," the sweet little man with a bowler hat, mustache and cane, Charlie Chaplin was an iconic figure of the silent-film era and was one of film's first superstars, elevating the industry in a way few could have ever imagined.
His father, a notorious drinker, abandoned Chaplin, his mother and his older half-brother, Sydney, not long after Chaplin's birth. That left Chaplin and his brother in the hands of their mother, a vaudevillian and music hall singer who went by the stage name Lily Harley. Chaplin's mother, who would later suffer severe mental issues and have to be committed to an asylum, was able to support her family for a few years.
But in a performance that would introduce her youngest boy to the spotlight, Hannah inexplicably lost her voice in the middle of a show, prompting the production manager to push the five-year-old Chaplin, whom he'd heard sing, onto the stage to replace her. Chaplin lit up the audience, wowing them with his natural presence and comedic angle at one point he imitated his mother's cracking voice.
But the episode meant the end for Hannah. Her singing voice never returned, and she eventually ran out of money. For a time, Chaplin and Sydney had to make a new, temporary home for themselves in London's tough workhouses. Armed with his mother's love of the stage, Chaplin was determined to make it in show business himself, and inusing his mother's contacts, he landed with a clog-dancing troupe named the Eight Lancashire Lads.
It was a short stint, and not a terribly profitable one, forcing the go-getter Chaplin to make ends meet any way he could. Eventually, other stage work did come his way. Chaplin made his acting debut as a pageboy in a production of Sherlock Holmes.
InChaplin made his film debut in a somewhat forgettable one-reeler called Make a Living. To differentiate himself from the clad of other actors in Sennett films, Chaplin decided to play a single identifiable character, and "The Little Tramp" was born, with audiences getting their first taste of him in Kid Auto Races at Venice Over the next year, Chaplin appeared in 35 movies, a lineup that included Tillie's Punctured Romancefilm's first full-length comedy.
It is with Essanay that Chaplin, who by this time had hired his brother Sydney to be his business manager, rose to stardom. During his first year with the company, Chaplin made 14 films, including The Tramp Generally regarded as the actor's first classic, the story establishes Chaplin's character as the unexpected hero when he saves the farmer's daughter from a gang of robbers.
By the age of 26, Chaplin, just three years removed from his vaudeville days, was a superstar. The money made Chaplin a wealthy man, but it didn't seem to derail his artistic drive.
With Mutual, he made some of his best work, including One A. Through his work, Chaplin came to be known as a grueling perfectionist.
His love for experimentation often meant countless takes, and it was not uncommon for him to order the rebuilding of an entire set. Nor was it uncommon for him to begin filming with one leading actor, realize he'd made a mistake in his casting and start again with someone new.
But the results were hard to refute. During the s Chaplin's career blossomed even more. Chaplin kept creating interesting and engaging films in the s. Inhe released City Lightsa critical and commercial success that incorporated music Chaplin scored himself. More acclaim came with Modern Timesa biting commentary about the state of the world's economic and political infrastructures.
The film, which did incorporate sound, was, in part, the result of an month world tour Chaplin had taken between anda trip during which he'd witnessed severe economic angst and a sharp rise in nationalism in Europe and elsewhere. Chaplin spoke even louder in The Great Dictatorwhich pointedly ridiculed the governments of Hitler and Mussolini.
But Chaplin was not universally embraced. His romantic liaisons led to his rebuke by some women's groups, which in turn led to him being barred from entering some U. As the Cold War age settled into existence, Chaplin didn't withhold his fire from injustices he saw taking place in the name of fighting Communism in his adopted country of the United States.
Chaplin soon became a target of the right-wing conservatives.See photos of celebrities like Scarlett Johansson and Leonardo DiCaprio before they hit the big-time, and revisit their earliest onscreen roles.
See the full gallery. Looking for some great streaming picks? Check out some of the IMDb editors' favorites movies and shows to round out your Watchlist. Visit our What to Watch page. Sign In. Charles Chaplin — Soundtrack Writer Actor. Up 20 this week. Considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, Charlie Chaplin lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera.
He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular character, the Little Tramp; the man with the toothbrush mustache, bowler hat, bamboo cane, and Died: December 25age 88 in Vevey, Vaud, Switzerland. Filmography by Job Trailers and Videos.Charlie Chaplin: The Bank (1915)
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